WORKS FOR ORCHESTRA

MINAS THE REBEL
CORSAIR OF THE AEGEAN
Symphonic poem inspired by the novel of Kostis Bastias.
1940

Orchestra: 3 3 4* 3 – 6 4 4 1 – Timpani, Percussion, Glockenspiel, 2 Harps, Celesta, Strings.

Duration: 15’

First Performance: 18 October 1940
National Theatre, Athens
Symphony Orchestra of the Athens Conservatory
Conducted by Leonidas Zoras

Publication:
Full score: Manolis Kalomiris, Athens 1952. [Out of print]
There also exists an unpublished arrangement for two pianos by M. Kalomiris.

* The 4th clarinet in Eb is ad libitum.

Discography:
Manolis Kalomiris:
Rhapsody No. 1 (arr. G. Pierné for orchestra) & No. 2 "Song to the Night" (arr. B. Fidetzis for orchestra) / Lyrics (Songs of Sikelianos) / In St. Luke's Monastery / Minas the Rebel / The Death of the Valiant Woman.
[link]
Russian State Symphonic Cappella
Karlovy Vary Symphony Orchestra
Byron Fidetzis, conductor
Eva Kotamanidou, narrator
Julia Souglakou, soprano
2010, Naxos 8.572451

Rebel: (Greek: Ρέμπελος), lit. rebel, insurgent, mutineer. Also performed under the title Minas the Pirate, by the National Symphony Orchestra, Washington, D.C., Mstislav Rostropovich, conducting.

Bastias, Kostis (1901–1972), writer, journalist and administrative functionary for the arts. His novel Minas the Rebel received the Academy of Athens Award. The highly romantic plot (of a young man who loses his sister to the pirates, becomes a pirate himself to avenge her, losing subsequently his wife and son and heads for the monasteries of Mount Athos to take revenge on God, finding there, through a vision, peace) inspired the evocative music of Kalomiris’ symphonic poem.
[Notes by Maria Voelker-Kamarinea]


About the work
The symphonic poem Minas the Rebel was brought to completion on 16 September 1940, as one can see on the last page of the hand-written full score which is kept in Kalomiris’ house in Faliron. There is one more handwritten full score which only mentions the year 1940.
The piece is based on Kostis Bastias’ novel, published in the late 1930s. It met with great enthusiasm from both the critics and the public; in 1940, Bastias was awarded the Stefanos Mavrogenis Prize by the Academy of Athens.


Kalomiris expressed his heart-felt admiration for the author and the book in a review which was published in the newspaper The National, on 14 March 1939. Deep in his soul, the great excitement that the book caused him, was automatically transformed into music. To mention only a few of his words in that review, “… my soul is still filled with the complex, multicoloured sounds of this unique sea symphony, those sounds which moved my soul with all the fierceness and music of the blue Aegean sea”.


The work was first performed in the National Theatre of Athens on 18 October 1940, only ten days before the outbreak of the Greek-Italian war. The Athens Conservatory Symphony Orchestra was conducted by Leonidas Zoras. Kalomiris mentions the date and performers of that concert in his hand-written full score, noting that the performance was excellent as a whole.
Plot: Born in Siros, Minas the Rebel, an inexperienced seventeen-year-old boy, seeking vengeance upon the corsair Giakoumis who had taken his sisters, goes to sea on a pirate ship. He becomes captain of the ship with the help of Styliani, a woman taken captive by the previous captain, and marries her when the revolt ends. With time, he becomes the terror of the Aegean Sea. A West European admiral, defeated by Minas, takes Styliani and her child in order to hand them over to the Sultan’s harem. Minas beats the French ships only to find his child dead and his wife breathing her last. In a fit of rage against God, he sets out to loot Mount Athos. On reaching the first monastery though, and on hearing the abbot and monks praying, he suddenly loses his sight and has a vision of his wife sitting beside the abbot with her child in her arms. Shattered by this vision, he repents of his sins, finds peace and joins the monks.


[Text by Myrto Economides, from booklet of the CD The Peddler / Rhapsody No. 1 (arr. G. Pierné for orchestra) & No. 2 "Song to the Night" (arr. B. Fidetzis for orchestra) / In St. Luke's Monastery / Minas the Rebel / The Death of the Valiant Woman, 2000, PHORMIGX 111100.]

ΟΡERΑS

THE MASTER BUILDER
Ο Πρωτομάστορας

THE MOTHER'S RING
Το δαχτυλίδι της Μάνας

SUNRISE
Ανατολή

THE SHADOWY WATERS
Ξωτικά νερά

KONSTANDINOS PALEOLOGOS
(The Fall of Constantinople)

Κωνσταντίνος ο Παλαιολόγος (Πήραν την Πόλη)

WORKS FOR VOICE AND ORCHESTRA

MAGIC HERBS
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART II
Μαγιοβότανα

THE PEDDLER
Ο Πραματευτής

I LOVE YOU
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART I
Σ’ αγαπώ

SONGS OF SIKELIANOS
Τραγούδια του Σικελιανού

FIVE SONGS FROM
THE FOURTH BOOK OF

THE CITY AND THE SOLITUDE
Πέντε τραγούδια από το τέταρτο βιβλίο Της πολιτείας και της μοναξιάς

THE TWO TOWNCRIERS
Οι δυο διαλαλητάδες

THE CURSE
Η κατάρα

“HAIDE HOURDE”
Χάιντε Χούρδε

WORKS FOR SOLO PIANO

ORIENTAL PAINTING
Ανατολική ζωγραφιά

THREE BALLADS
Τρεις μπαλάντες

NOCTURNE
Νυχτιάτικο

PATINADA
Πατινάδα

TWO RHAPSODIES
Δύο ραψωδίες

PRELUDES FOR PIANO
Πρελούδια για πιάνο

THE DEATH OF THE VALIANT WOMAN
Ο θάνατος της Αντρειωμένης

ΙΝΤΕΡΜΕΖΖΟ (from the opera SUNRISE)
Ιντερμέδιο (από την όπερα Ανατολή)

PRELUDE (from the MAGIC HERBS)
Πρελούδιο (από τα Μαγιοβότανα)

WORKS FOR TWO PIANOS

PRELUDE AND FUGUE
Πρελούδιο και φούγκα

ROMEIKI SUITE
Ρωμέικη σουίτα

SYMPHONY No. 3, “PALAMIKI” – Third part
Συμφωνία αρ.3 «Παλαμική» – Τρίτο μέρος

MINAS THE REBEL - CORSAIR OF THE AEGEAN
Μηνάς ο Ρέμπελος – Κουρσάρος στο Αιγαίο

PEDAGOGICAL WORKS FOR PIANO

FOR THE GREEK CHILDREN
Για τα ελληνόπουλα

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

INCIDENTAL MUSIC

MUSIC AND MELODRAMA FOR “STELLA VIOLANTI”
Στέλλα Βιολλάντη – Μουσική και Μελόδραμα

SABBATH OF SOULS
Ψυχοσάββατο

PARGA
Η Πάργα

MACBETH
Μάκβεθ

THE SHEPHERDESS’ LOVER
Ο αγαπητικός της βοσκοπούλας

MUSICO-PEDAGOGICAL WORKS

ELEMENTARY THEORY
Στοιχειώδης θεωρία

VOCALISE – ÉTUDE

HARMONY
Αρμονία

MUSICAL FORMS
Μουσική μορφολογία

INSTRUMENTATION
Οργανογνωσία

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

LESSONS IN MUSIC
Μαθήματα μουσικής

MELODIC EXERCISES
Μελωδικαί ασκήσεις

RHYTHMIC EXERCISES
Ρυθμικαί ασκήσεις

HARMONY EXERCISES
Θέματα αρμονίας

WORKS NOT LISTED IN THE MAIN BODY OF THE CATALOGUE
Έργα που δεν αναφέρονται στο κυρίως σώμα του Καταλόγου