WORKS FOR ORCHESTRA

SYMPHONY No. 3, “PALAMIKI”
in D Minor, for orchestra, with dramatic recitation
1955

I. Moderato
II. Scherzo
III. Agape: Lento, ma non troppo
IV. Finale

Orchestra: 3 3 3 3 – 4 3 3 1 – Timpani, Percussion, Carillon, Harp, Celesta, Strings

Duration: 32’

First Performance: 22 January 1956
Orpheus Theatre, Athens
Athens State Orchestra
Conducted by Andreas Paridis
Dramatic recitation by Thanos Kotsopoulos

Publication:
Union of Greek Composers, Athens 1961. [Out of print]

Discography:
Manolis Kalomiris:
Tryptich / Symphony No. 3 “Palamiki” / Three Greek Dances / The destruction of Psara. [link]
Athens State Orchestra
Byron Fidetzis, conductor
Nikitas Tsakiroglou, narrator
2007, Naxos 8.557970

For more information about the “Palamian” Symphony and the narrated texts, see Philippos Tsalahouris’ note in “About this Recording” at Naxos Music Label. [link]


* For the arrangement of the third movement for two pianos and narrator the see under the corresponding category of works (Symphony No. 3, “Palamiki” – Third part).

The title listed in the Catalogue of Works is the same as that of the manuscript and was also used at the first performance. However, the title on the published orchestral score (Athens, 1961, Union of Greek Composers) varies slightly as follows: Palamiki Symphony – Symphony No. 3 in D Minor.

The title “Agape” (Love) of the 2nd Movement does not appear in the manuscript. It was added by the composer to the published score (1961).
[Notes by Fivos Anoyanakis]


Palamiki, lit. the Palamian, a symphony dedicated to the memory of the poet Kostis Palamas for whom Kalomiris had a lifelong friendship and admiration. In the Preface to the published score Kalomiris describes the philosophy and scope behind his attempt to create a “national language” of music in Greece. He returns to the controversial theme of the role of folksong and denies that the elaboration of such elements constitutes the major characteristic of a “national” school. Stating that “the demotic melos (i.e. the folksong), the song of the simple and good people [an allusion to the title of his Second Symphony] is and will remain, no doubt, precious and irreplaceable”, the composer believes that the external characteristics of folksong are insufficient for the development of a higher artistic creation. According to Kalomiris, the Greek soul lies in the vigor of Leventia (see entry). He sees in the projection of the simple, genuine folksong upon art poetry, as expressed by Solomos, Palamas and Sikelianos, the manifestation of a truly Greek genius. Especially regarding Palamas, he acknowledges that for him, Palamas’ work was “a real beacon”, and that his best compositions are those related to verse of Palamas and the Palamian ideals. The last three movements of the Symphony are inspired by The Twelve Words of the Gypsy (Dodecalogos tou Gyftou). Kalomiris received the inspiration for the first movement of the symphony from listening (“forty years ago” as he states), to the poet reciting the tenth song of Iambs and Anapaests, which starts with the words A Fay Gave me Birth. Kalomiris observations best describe the influence of Palamas on Kalomiris, illuminating a moving relationship between poet and composer and its lasting importance in the composer’s creative process.
[Note by Maria Voelker-Kamarinea]


AUDIO
Kalomiris, Manolis: Symphony No. 3, “Palamiki” (1955) [link]
I. Moderato
Athens State Orchestra
Byron Fidetzis, Conductor
Nikitas Tsakiroglou, narrator

ΟΡERΑS

THE MASTER BUILDER
Ο Πρωτομάστορας

THE MOTHER'S RING
Το δαχτυλίδι της Μάνας

SUNRISE
Ανατολή

THE SHADOWY WATERS
Ξωτικά νερά

KONSTANDINOS PALEOLOGOS
(The Fall of Constantinople)

Κωνσταντίνος ο Παλαιολόγος (Πήραν την Πόλη)

WORKS FOR VOICE AND ORCHESTRA

MAGIC HERBS
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART II
Μαγιοβότανα

THE PEDDLER
Ο Πραματευτής

I LOVE YOU
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART I
Σ’ αγαπώ

SONGS OF SIKELIANOS
Τραγούδια του Σικελιανού

FIVE SONGS FROM
THE FOURTH BOOK OF

THE CITY AND THE SOLITUDE
Πέντε τραγούδια από το τέταρτο βιβλίο Της πολιτείας και της μοναξιάς

THE TWO TOWNCRIERS
Οι δυο διαλαλητάδες

THE CURSE
Η κατάρα

“HAIDE HOURDE”
Χάιντε Χούρδε

WORKS FOR SOLO PIANO

ORIENTAL PAINTING
Ανατολική ζωγραφιά

THREE BALLADS
Τρεις μπαλάντες

NOCTURNE
Νυχτιάτικο

PATINADA
Πατινάδα

TWO RHAPSODIES
Δύο ραψωδίες

PRELUDES FOR PIANO
Πρελούδια για πιάνο

THE DEATH OF THE VALIANT WOMAN
Ο θάνατος της Αντρειωμένης

ΙΝΤΕΡΜΕΖΖΟ (from the opera SUNRISE)
Ιντερμέδιο (από την όπερα Ανατολή)

PRELUDE (from the MAGIC HERBS)
Πρελούδιο (από τα Μαγιοβότανα)

WORKS FOR TWO PIANOS

PRELUDE AND FUGUE
Πρελούδιο και φούγκα

ROMEIKI SUITE
Ρωμέικη σουίτα

SYMPHONY No. 3, “PALAMIKI” – Third part
Συμφωνία αρ.3 «Παλαμική» – Τρίτο μέρος

MINAS THE REBEL - CORSAIR OF THE AEGEAN
Μηνάς ο Ρέμπελος – Κουρσάρος στο Αιγαίο

PEDAGOGICAL WORKS FOR PIANO

FOR THE GREEK CHILDREN
Για τα ελληνόπουλα

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

INCIDENTAL MUSIC

MUSIC AND MELODRAMA FOR “STELLA VIOLANTI”
Στέλλα Βιολλάντη – Μουσική και Μελόδραμα

SABBATH OF SOULS
Ψυχοσάββατο

PARGA
Η Πάργα

MACBETH
Μάκβεθ

THE SHEPHERDESS’ LOVER
Ο αγαπητικός της βοσκοπούλας

MUSICO-PEDAGOGICAL WORKS

ELEMENTARY THEORY
Στοιχειώδης θεωρία

VOCALISE – ÉTUDE

HARMONY
Αρμονία

MUSICAL FORMS
Μουσική μορφολογία

INSTRUMENTATION
Οργανογνωσία

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

LESSONS IN MUSIC
Μαθήματα μουσικής

MELODIC EXERCISES
Μελωδικαί ασκήσεις

RHYTHMIC EXERCISES
Ρυθμικαί ασκήσεις

HARMONY EXERCISES
Θέματα αρμονίας

WORKS NOT LISTED IN THE MAIN BODY OF THE CATALOGUE
Έργα που δεν αναφέρονται στο κυρίως σώμα του Καταλόγου