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SUNRISE (ANATOLI)
Musical fairy tale in two acts with Intermezzo.
Libretto adapted by the composer from the one act play by Yannis Kambysis.
1945/1948.

Cast:
Maro, Soprano
The Prince Who Was Turned to Marble, Tenor
Lamia, the Tower Ogre, Bass
Αrapina [a black woman], Mezzo-soprano
The Queen of the White Isles, Soprano
The Blind King, Baritone
First Corsair, Tenor
Second Corsair, Tenor
Third Corsair, Baritone
Fourth Corsair, Bass

Orchestra: 4 3 3 3 - 4 3 3 1 - Timpani, Percussion, Harp, Celesta, Strings, mixed choir (and ballet)

Duration: 1:15'

First Performance: 18 December 1945
Olympia Theatre, Athens
Greek National Opera
Conducted by Leonidas Zoras
Directed by Renato Mordo
Choir master: Μihalis Vourtsis
Choreography by Angelos Grimanis
Sets and costumes by Yorgos Anemoyannis
[link]
 
Publication
Full score: Unpublished.
Piano/vocal score: Manolis Kalomiris, Athens 1953.
Manolis Kalomiris, Athens 1962 (Maro's aria from Act 1, "Ah, How Slowly Pass the Hours", and the Intermezzo for piano solo).
 
Sunrisa(Anatoli)_Piano-score-cover_1953.jpg
Sunrise. Piano/vocal score: Manolis Kalomiris, Athens 1953.


Discography
Manolis Kalomiris, Sunrise / I love you.
Sunrise:
Souglakou/Sigalos/Katsaras/Tsambali/Kyanidou/Lalousis
The Νew Bulgarian Symphony Orchestra
The Thessaloniki Choir
The Hellenic Culture Organization S.A. – Ministry of Culture, Athens 2006
Presentation of the CD in Greek. [link]
 

Anatoli, lit. Sunrise (also orient).
In the piano/vocal score published by the composer, Anatoli is translated as Morgenroethe: Dawn (actually corresponding to Avgi and not Anatoli). The text was given by Kambysis’ mother to Kalomiris in 1908, after his return to Greece.
It was the first subject considered as a libretto by the composer, who began the work only in 1934. After a slow start (that took almost ten years for one-sixth of the opera), he finished it in only one month (December 1944), during the bitter armed struggle and civil strife in the aftermath of the German occupation. According to the composer, he saw this opera as a hymn to love, “a small light of comfort… in the dark night of hate.” The part of Maro symbolises the attempt to revive the “petrified” Greek soul.
The work, as he states in the preface of the score, shows new developments in his technique. In it he substitutes what he refers to as “characteristic melodies” for the Wagnerian leitmotif. He integrates the choir into the orchestra as a constituent part of it. Recitatives now take the form of the modern Sprechstimme. Kalomiris again denies that the use of folksong melodies is the sole element of the Greek spirit in his music. Furthermore, describes his use of characteristic Greek rhythms (5/8, 7/8, etc.) as “an innovation in [his] musical language.”
[Note by Maria Voelker-Kamarinea]
 
SUMMARY OF THE PLOT
Click here
 
As Kalomiris says, "Sunrise is a fairy tale. It is a fairy tale about a prince who turned into stone by the spell of an evil Lamia (a witch). At the end, he is revived by the power of true love".

ACT ONE
On a stormy night, a young girl, Maro, enters the enchanted palace of the marble Prince where he is staying along with his spellbound servants. She learns about the curse the Lamia had enchanted them with and that the Prince will be saved only by 'a powerful soul from a foreign place which must stay sleepless and fearless until she sees the first sunlight.' Maro decides to stay.
Soon after, Arapina (a black woman) arrives with her pirates in search of a treasure. Arapina, realising that the palace is enchanted and, wanting to be left alone with the Prince, terrifies the pirates and makes them leave. Maro, however, manages to make Arapina her slave.
Another person makes an appearance now: it is the Queen of the White Isles, who has been travelling the world around for years in search of the Prince who had once passed by her palace and then disappeared. In order to defeat Maro, Arapina makes an alliance with the Queen, who has the Lamia's support.

INTERLUDE & ACT TWO
As dawn breaks, the Prince comes to life, expresses his gratitude for Maro's heroic act and offers his love to her. The Queen of the White Isles and Arapina intervene, accusing Maro and they say that they too stayed awake during the night, thus claiming the Prince's love. Amidst the turmoil, the Prince's father, the King, appears and gives right to Maro, saying that it was her pure love that brought his son back to life.
The play ends triumphantly with everyone on stage praising the power of love.
 

Summary: Myrto Economides
Translation: George Athanasopoulos and Kostas Rekleitis

Sunrise, program cover, 2002 concertante performance at Thessaloniki Concert Hall.
 
ΟΡERΑS

THE MASTER BUILDER
Ο Πρωτομάστορας

THE MOTHER'S RING
Το δαχτυλίδι της Μάνας

SUNRISE
Ανατολή

THE SHADOWY WATERS
Ξωτικά νερά

KONSTANDINOS PALEOLOGOS
(The Fall of Constantinople)

Κωνσταντίνος ο Παλαιολόγος (Πήραν την Πόλη)

WORKS FOR VOICE AND ORCHESTRA

MAGIC HERBS
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART II
Μαγιοβότανα

THE PEDDLER
Ο Πραματευτής

I LOVE YOU
IAMBS AND ANAPAESTS - PART I
Σ’ αγαπώ

SONGS OF SIKELIANOS
Τραγούδια του Σικελιανού

FIVE SONGS FROM
THE FOURTH BOOK OF

THE CITY AND THE SOLITUDE
Πέντε τραγούδια από το τέταρτο βιβλίο Της πολιτείας και της μοναξιάς

THE TWO TOWNCRIERS
Οι δυο διαλαλητάδες

THE CURSE
Η κατάρα

“HAIDE HOURDE”
Χάιντε Χούρδε

WORKS FOR SOLO PIANO

ORIENTAL PAINTING
Ανατολική ζωγραφιά

THREE BALLADS
Τρεις μπαλάντες

NOCTURNE
Νυχτιάτικο

PATINADA
Πατινάδα

TWO RHAPSODIES
Δύο ραψωδίες

PRELUDES FOR PIANO
Πρελούδια για πιάνο

THE DEATH OF THE VALIANT WOMAN
Ο θάνατος της Αντρειωμένης

ΙΝΤΕΡΜΕΖΖΟ (from the opera SUNRISE)
Ιντερμέδιο (από την όπερα Ανατολή)

PRELUDE (from the MAGIC HERBS)
Πρελούδιο (από τα Μαγιοβότανα)

WORKS FOR TWO PIANOS

PRELUDE AND FUGUE
Πρελούδιο και φούγκα

ROMEIKI SUITE
Ρωμέικη σουίτα

SYMPHONY No. 3, “PALAMIKI” – Third part
Συμφωνία αρ.3 «Παλαμική» – Τρίτο μέρος

MINAS THE REBEL - CORSAIR OF THE AEGEAN
Μηνάς ο Ρέμπελος – Κουρσάρος στο Αιγαίο

PEDAGOGICAL WORKS FOR PIANO

FOR THE GREEK CHILDREN
Για τα ελληνόπουλα

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

INCIDENTAL MUSIC

MUSIC AND MELODRAMA FOR “STELLA VIOLANTI”
Στέλλα Βιολλάντη – Μουσική και Μελόδραμα

SABBATH OF SOULS
Ψυχοσάββατο

PARGA
Η Πάργα

MACBETH
Μάκβεθ

THE SHEPHERDESS’ LOVER
Ο αγαπητικός της βοσκοπούλας

MUSICO-PEDAGOGICAL WORKS

ELEMENTARY THEORY
Στοιχειώδης θεωρία

VOCALISE – ÉTUDE

HARMONY
Αρμονία

MUSICAL FORMS
Μουσική μορφολογία

INSTRUMENTATION
Οργανογνωσία

FIRST PIANO LESSONS
Τα πρώτα μαθήματα για πιάνο

LESSONS IN MUSIC
Μαθήματα μουσικής

MELODIC EXERCISES
Μελωδικαί ασκήσεις

RHYTHMIC EXERCISES
Ρυθμικαί ασκήσεις

HARMONY EXERCISES
Θέματα αρμονίας

WORKS NOT LISTED IN THE MAIN BODY OF THE CATALOGUE
Έργα που δεν αναφέρονται στο κυρίως σώμα του Καταλόγου



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